Genital warts

Genital warts, caused by some strains of the human papilloma virus, or wart virus, are the most common STIs

Genital warts are easily passed from one person to another through unprotected vaginal sex, anal sex or oral sex (kissing, licking or sucking someone's genitals). They can also be passed on through close genital contact (when the skin touches).The highest rate of infection is among women aged 20-24 and men aged 25-34.

How to recognise them

Warts can take a year or more to develop after infection with the wart virus. Warts are not always visible, especially if they occur inside the vagina, particularly on the cervix, or in the anus. If warts are not present, the virus cannot be tested for.

How they're treated

Warts can be treated by applying special ointments or paints, by freezing or surgical removal under local anaesthetic.

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