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Urethritis means soreness and swelling (inflammation) of the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine out of the body from the bladder. It is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI) but can be caused by STIs.
Urethritis can occur in men and women. It is one of the commonest conditions that men are diagnosed and treated for in sexual health clinics in the UK.
Men are likely to experience:
These symptoms may begin a few weeks after an infection, depending on what has caused it.
Women do not usually experience symptoms of urethritis unless it spreads to the womb or fallopian tubes. If this happens, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This is serious and if symptoms develop, may include:
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is recommended that you get medical help.
Urethritis is most commonly caused by an infection, including sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Infections that can cause urethritis include:
It is also possible for urethritis to not be caused by an infection. For example, it may be caused by:
Urethritis can be diagnosed after either a swab or urine test. You may also be tested for gonorrhoea and chlamydia at the same time as these are common causes of urethritis.
The swab looks like a small cotton bud, which is wiped over the urethra. Taking the swab may be slightly uncomfortable but should not be painful.
Please be aware that you can be tested and treated for urethritis at your nearest GP surgery or at GUM or sexual health clinics. Find your nearest using our find a service tool. Brook services do not offer testing or treatment for urethritis but if we think you may have urethritis, we will always do our best to advise you on where you can go for further help.
Urethritis is generally treated with a short course of antibiotics. This will kill the bacteria that caused the infection. It your urethritis is caused by gonorrhoea then it may be treated differently.
Although not all cases of urethritis are caused by an STI, it is possible to pass it on during sex so it is recommended that you don’t have sex until it has cleared up.
TELL YOUR PARTNERS
It is important that you tell any recent sexual partners (in the last six months) if you are being treated for an STI, so that they go for treatment too.
Some clinics may also offer to contact your partner using what’s called a ‘contact slip’. This is to warn them they may have been exposed and to recommend they get tested but it doesn’t mention your name.
Not an STI but STIs can trigger it.
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